What it is:

Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure during which a woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked, cut or tied. It is commonly referred to as “having your tubes tied.” The procedure’s purpose is to stop eggs traveling from a woman’s ovaries into the fallopian tubes, where the egg is typically fertilized by a sperm. It is considered to be a permanent method of birth control – after the surgery a woman cannot get pregnant.

 

Reasons for this Procedure:

-Tubal ligations are usually done on adult women who know for certain they do not want to get pregnant in the future.

-They are also done on women who should not become pregnant for health concerns or other reasons.

 

How to Prepare:

You will be requested to not eat or drink anything after midnight the night before your surgery is scheduled (or eight hours before the designated time of your surgery). You will be educated in regards to the permanent nature of a tubal ligation as well as any associated risks. Physical examination and laboratory testing are usually done before the surgery.

 

What to Expect:

You will receive general anesthesia.

 

Process:

-The doctor will make one or two small cuts in your belly typically near the belly button.

- Sometimes gas is pumped into your belly to help expand it and enable the doctor to see the uterus and fallopian tubes.

- A laparoscope (narrow tube with tiny camera) will be inserted into your pelvic area.

- Next, instruments used to tie your tubes will be sent through the laparoscope.

- The tubes are burned shut (cauterized) or clamped off with a ring, small clip or rubber bands.

The procedure is sometimes reversible, but should be considered irreversible and permanent.

 

Duration:

The procedure takes approximately 30 minutes.

 

Afterwards:

After the surgery you will typically go home on the same day, though some women need to stay in the hospital overnight. You will have some pain and tenderness. You will be instructed on the care of the surgical wound and to be aware of fever, vomiting, faintness and nausea as these could indicate a complication has occurred.